《老人与海》励志经典英语段落中英文解读

更新时间:2016-06-16 15:47:00



  《老人与海》是现代美国小说作家海明威创作于1952年的一部中篇小说,它一经问世,便在国际上引起了强烈的反响,在当时的文学界掀起了一阵“海明威热”, 小说相继获得了1953年美国普利策奖和1954年诺贝尔文学奖。向人们证实了海明威作为20世纪美国杰出小说家的不可动摇的地位和卓越的功绩。《老人与海》讲述了古巴老渔夫圣地亚哥在连续八十四天没捕到鱼的情况下,终于独自钓上了一条大马林鱼,但这鱼实在太大,把他的小船在海上拖了三天才筋疲力尽,被他杀死了绑在小船的一边,在归程中一再遭到鲨鱼的袭击,最后回港时只剩下鱼头鱼尾和一条脊骨的故事。

  《老人与海》“一个人可以被毁灭,但不能给打败”节选自Chapter 5

  When the old man saw him coming he knew that this was a shark that had no fear at all and would do exactly what he wished. He prepared the harpoon and made the rope fast while he watched the shark come on. The rope was short as it lacked what he had cut away to lash the fish.

  老人看见它在游来,看出这是条毫无畏惧而坚决为所欲为的鲨鱼。他准备好了鱼叉,系紧了绳子,一面注视着鲨鱼向前游来。绳子短了,缺了他割下用来绑鱼的那一截。

  The old man‘s head was clear and good now and he was full of resolution but he had little hope. It was too good to last, he thought. He took one look at the great fish as he watched the shark close in. It might as well have been a dream, he thought. I can not keep him from hitting me but maybe I can get him. Dentuso, he thought. Bad luck to your mother.

  老人此刻头脑清醒,正常,充满了决心,但并不抱着多少希望。光景太好了,不可能持久的,他想。他注视着鲨鱼在逼近,抽空朝那条大鱼望上一眼。这简直等于是一场梦,他想。我没法阻止它来袭击我,但是也许我能弄死它。登多索鲨,他想。你它妈交上坏运啦。

  The shark closed fast astern and when he hit the fish the old man saw his mouth open and his strange eyes and the clicking chop of the teeth as he drove forward in the meat just above the tail. The shark‘s head was out of water and his back was coming out and the old man could hear the noise of skin and flesh ripping on the big fish when he rammed the harpoon down onto the shark‘s head at a spot where the line between his eyes intersected with the line that ran straight back from his nose. There were no such lines. There was only the heavy sharp blue head and the big eyes and the clicking, thrusting all-swallowing jaws. But that was the location of the brain and the old man hit it. He hit it with his blood mushed hands driving a good harpoon with all his strength. He hit it without hope but with resolution and complete malignancy.

  鲨鱼飞速地逼近船梢,它袭击那鱼的时候,老人看见它张开了嘴,看见它那双奇异的眼睛,它咬住鱼尾巴上面一点儿的地方,牙齿咬得嘎吱嘎吱地响。鲨鱼的头露出在水面上,背部正在出水,老人听见那条大鱼的皮肉被撕裂的声音,这时候,他用鱼叉朝下猛地扎进鲨鱼的脑袋,正扎在它两眼之间的那条线和从鼻子笔直通到脑后的那条线的交叉点上。这两条线实在是并不存在的。只有那沉重、尖锐的蓝色脑袋,两只大眼睛和那嘎吱作响、吞噬一切的突出的两颚。可是那儿正是脑子的所在,老人直朝它扎去。他使出全身的力气,用糊着鲜血的双手,把一支好鱼叉向它扎去。他扎它,并不抱着希望,但是带着决心和十足的恶意。

  The shark swung over and the old man saw his eye was not alive and then he swung over once again, wrapping himself in two loops of the rope. The old man knew that he was dead but the shark would not accept it. Then, on his back, with his tail lashing and his jaws clicking, the shark plowed over the water as a speedboat does. The water was white where his tail beat it and three-quarters of his body was clear above the water when the rope came taut, shivered, and then snapped. The shark lay quietly for a little while on the surface and the old man watched him. Then he went down very slowly.

  鲨鱼翻了个身,老人看出它眼睛里已经没有生气了,跟着它又翻了个身,自行缠上了两道绳子。老人知道这鲨鱼快死了,但它还是不肯认输。它这时肚皮朝上,尾巴扑打着,两颚嘎吱作响,象一条快艇般划奇水面。它的尾巴把水拍打得泛出白色,四分之三的身体露出在水面上,这时绳子给绷紧了,抖了一下,啪地断了。鲨鱼在水面上静静地躺了片刻,老人紧盯着它。然后它慢慢地沉下去了。

  "He took about forty pounds," the old man said aloud. He took my harpoon too and all the rope, he thought, and now my fish bleeds again and there will be others.

  “它吃掉了约莫四十磅肉,”老人说出声来。它把我的鱼叉也带走了,还有那么许多绳子,他想,而且现在我这条鱼又在淌血,其他鲨鱼也会来的。

  He did not like to look at the fish anymore since he had been mutilated. When the fish had been hit it was as though he himself were hit.

  他不忍心再朝这死鱼看上一眼,因为它已经被咬得残缺不全了。鱼挨到袭击的时候,他感到就象自己挨到袭击一样。

  But I killed the shark that hit my fish, he thought. And he was the biggest dentuso that I have ever seen. And God knows that I have seen big ones.

  可是我杀死了这条袭击我的鱼的鲨鱼,他想。而它是我见到过的最大的登多索鲨。天知道,我见过一些大的。

  It was too good to last, he thought. I wish it had been a dream now and that I had never hooked the fish and was alone in bed on the newspapers.

  光景太好了,不可能持久的,他想。但愿这是一场梦,我根本没有钓到这条鱼,正独自躺在床上铺的旧报纸上。

  "But man is not made for defeat," he said. "A man can be destroyed but not defeated." I am sorry that I killed the fish though, he thought. Now the bad time is coming and I do not even have the harpoon. The dentuso is cruel and able and strong an d intelligent. But I was more intelligent than he was. Perhaps not, he thought. Perhaps I was only better armed.

  “不过人不是为失败而生的,”他说。“一个人可以被毁灭,但不能给打败。“不过我很痛心,把这鱼给杀了,他想。现在倒霉的时刻要来了,可我连鱼叉也没有。这条登多索鲨是残忍、能干、强壮而聪明的。但是我比它更聪明。也许并不,他想。也许我仅仅是武器比它强。

  "Don‘t think, old man," he said aloud. "Sail on this course and take it when it comes."

  “别想啦,老家伙,”他说出声来。“顺着这航线行驶,事到临头再对付吧。”

  海明威被誉为美利坚民族的精神丰碑,并且是“新闻体”小说的创始人,他的笔锋一向以“文坛硬汉”著称。海明威的写作风格以简洁著称,对美国文学及20世纪文学的发展有极深远的影响。《老人与海》通过描写老人圣地亚哥在捕鱼回航途中的凶险故事,展现了美利坚人民勇敢不服输地精神。

  当你感到绝望的时候看看《老人与海》,想想那句“A man can be destroyed but not defeated”“一个人可以被毁灭但不能被打败”,告诉自己“never give up”。TutorABC祝愿大家“长风破浪会有时,直挂云帆机枪海”!


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