动词过去式变化规则

 对于动词的学习,过去式一定是不可缺少的。那么动词过去式变化规则又是怎样的?下面就给大家总结一下,动词过去式变化规则,希望可以帮助到大家。

  规则动词的过去式变化如下:

  1、一般情况下,动词词尾加 -ed ,如:

  work ---worked play---played wanted----wanted act----acted

  2、以不发音的 -e 结尾动词,动词词尾加 -d,如:

  live---lived move----moved taste---tasted hope---hoped

  3、以辅音字母 + y结尾的动词,把-y变为-i 再加-ed,如:

  study---studied copy---copied cry---cried carry---carried

  4、以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,双写词尾辅音字母,再加 -ed,如:

  stop ---stopped

  5、不规则动词的过去式变化规律性不强,须多加记忆。

  go – went make – made get – got buy - bought come - came fly-flew

  不规则动词的过去式的构成

  1.把动词原形中的i改为a,变成过去式。如:

  begin—began,drink—drank,give—gave,ring—rang,sing—sang,sit—sat,swim—swam

  2.把重读开音节中的i改为o,变成过去式。如:

  drive—drove,ride—rode,write—wrote

  3.改动词原形中的aw /ow为ew,变成过去式。如:

  draw—drew,grow—grew,know—knew,throw—threw(动词show除外,show—showed)

  4.动词原形中的e改为o,变成过去式。如:

  get—got,forget—forgot

  5.动词原形中的ee改为e,变成过去式。如:

  feed—fed,meet—met

  6.动词原形中的eep改为ept,变成过去式。如:

  keep—kept,sleep—slept,sweep—swept

  7.动词原形中的eak改为oke,变成过去式。如:

  break—broke,speak—spoke

  8.动词原形中的ell改为old,变成过去式。如:

  sell—sold,tell—told

  9.动词原形中的an改为oo,变成过去式。如:

  stand—stood,understand—understood

  10.以ought和aught结尾,且读音是〔 :t〕的过去式。如:

  bring—brought,buy— bought,think—thought,catch—caught,teach—taught

  11.以ould结尾且读音为〔ud〕的情态动词过去式。如:

  can—could,shall—should,will—would

  12.把动词原形中的o改为a,变成过去式。如:

  come—came,become—became

  13.在动词原形后加d或t变成过去式,并且发生音变。如:

  hear〔hi 〕—heard〔h :d〕, say〔sei〕—said〔sed〕,mean〔mi:n〕—meant〔ment〕

  14.动词的过去式与动词原形一样。如:

  let—let,must—must,put—put,read—read〔red〕

  15.不符合上述规律的动词过去式。如:

  am,is—was,are—were,build—built,do—did,eat—ate,fall—fell,feel—felt,find—found,fly—flew,go—went,have /has— had,hold—held,leave—left,make—made,may—might,run—ran,see—saw,take—took

以上总结的动词过去式变化规则已经很全了,希望可以帮助到大家,对于我们而言,多多总结这方面的知识,世间久了,必定会有提高。

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