英语句子成分


  英语句子的学习,句子成分是必须要掌握的。总体上来看,英语句子成分还是比较复杂的,需要我们按照一定的规律分类然后学习,那么大家在学习的时候,可要仔细了解其中的知识。下面小编就给大家分类总结一下,关于英语句子成分的知识。



  一、主语

  1. 名词做主语:

  My school is not far from my house.

  2. 代词做主语:

  We like our school very much.

  3. 基数词做主语:

  Two and two is four.

  4. 名词性或名词化的词、词组或短语:

  This is an article.

  5. 动名词做主语:

  Seeing is believing.

  6. 动词不定式做主语:

  To do such a job needs more knowledge.

  7. 从句做主语:

  What I mean is to work harder.

  二、谓语

  1.由情态动词,助动词+不带to的动词不定式构成的重复谓语。

  What does this word mean? 这个单词是什么意思?

  I won’t do it again. 我不会再做它(指这件事)。

  I’ll go and move away the bag of rice with Lin Tao. 我会同Lin Tao(一起)移开那袋米的。

  2.由连系动词+表语构成的复合谓语。

  You look the same. 你(们)看起来一样.

  We are all here. 我们都在这儿。

  The weather gets warm, and the days get longer. 天气变的暖了,日子变的长了.

  Keep quiet and listen to me. 保持安静并听我说.

  He looked worried. 他看起来很忧愁.

  We have to be up early in the morning. 我们必须在早上早起。

  三、宾语

  宾语有直接宾语和间接宾语之分。即指人的间接宾语和指物的直接宾语,这两个宾语统称为"双宾语"。

  My parents bought me a computer.我父母给我买了一台电脑。(me是间接宾语,computer是直接宾语)

  She is playing the piano now.她正在弹钢琴。(名词作宾语)

  We all like him. (代词作宾语)

  Give me four. (数词作宾语)

  We all like to go to school. (不定式to go to school作like的宾语。school作to的宾 语)

  We all like swimming. (动名词作宾语)

  I think he is right. (宾语从句作宾语)

  四、表语

  1.名词作表语

  Africa is a big continent.

  非洲是个大洲。

  That remains is a puzzle to me.

  这对我还是个难题。

  2.代词作表语

  What’s your fax number?

  你的传真号是多少?

  Who's your best friend?

  你最好的朋友是谁?

  3.形容词作表语

  I feel much better today.

  我今天感觉好多了。

  4.数词作表语

  She was the first to learn about it.

  她是第一个知道的人。

  5.不定式或ing形式作表语

  Her job is selling computers.

  她的工作是销售电脑。

  Our next step was to get raw materials ready.

  我们下一步是把原料准备好。

  以上就是小编分享的关于句子成分的内容,希望对大家有所帮助。想要学习更多有关英语的知识,就多多看一些英语资料的总结吧。


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