如何利用端午节假期学会一门外语

 

 

端午节小长假,你是怎么过的?逛街、旅行、看电影都太普通了,不如试试学一门外语?现在就揭秘如何在短时间内学会任何一门外语。


学外语需要两种记忆:程序记忆和陈述记忆

 


There’s procedural memory – the fine programming of muscles to perfect an accent – and declarative memory, which is the ability to remember facts (at least 10,000 new words if you want to come close to native fluency, not to mention the grammar). Those words and structures have to make it to the tip of your tongue within a split second.

程序记忆——肌肉的精致分布形成完美发音;陈述性记忆——记住事实的能力(如果想要达到母语者的流利度,需要至少1万的词汇,当然还要有语法结构)。这些词汇和语法结构必须在一瞬间从你的舌尖迸出。


从情感出发:模仿你认同的人学习更有效

 

 

It’s well known that if you identify with someone, you are more likely to mimic them – a process that would effortlessly improve language learning. The important thing is

to try to imitate without even considering the spelling of the words.


众所周知,如果你认同某一个人,那么你更容易去模仿他——这个过程可以无不费力地改善语言学习。最重要的事就是不要考虑单词拼写地去模仿。


科学证实:年龄增大不会影响语言学习能力


Looking at the experiences of immigrants, Ellen Bialystok at York University in Canada has found that there is a very slight decline in our abilities as we age, rather than a steep precipice.

加拿大约克大学的Ellen Bialystock综观移民的经验,发现随着我们年龄的增大,我们学习语言的能力只有轻微的下降,而不是直线下降。

 


即学即用的7大学外语妙招:


1. Listen a lot – it doesn’t matter if you understand or not. Listen to rhythms and patterns.

大量地听——理解与否不重要,尽管去听吧!去听听语言节奏和说话模式。


2. Focus on getting the meaning first, before the words. Body language and facial expressions can help.

先专注理解整体意思,再弄清单词含义。身体语言和面部表情会有所帮助。


3. Start mixing, get creative, and use what you’re learning

开始混合,创造话语并使用你所学到的一切。


4. Focus on the core – use the most commonly-use the words, and use the language to learn more.

把注意力集中在核心部分——使用高频词汇,利用你已经学会的东西学到更多。


5. Get a language parent – someone who is fluent in the language and who will do their best to understand what you mean; who will feedback their understanding of what you’

re saying using correct language, and uses words that you know.

找个语伴——能流利讲这门语言的人,或者能尽可能理解你说什么的人,能够用正确的语言、你明白的语言来对你的表现做出反馈。


6. Copy the face – watch native speakers and observe their face, and particular their mouth moves when they’re speaking.

模仿面部表情——有些人的母语正是你要学习的新语言,你要观看他们讲话,观察他们的面部表情、尤其是讲话时的嘴型。


7. “Direct connect” to the target language – find ways to connect words directly with images and other internal representations.

在大脑和目的语之间建立“直接联系”——想办法让语言和大脑中的图像或其他内部表象产生直接联系。

 

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